When you follow a diet that drastically restricts the amount of carbohydrates you consume(ketosis), you will not have enough blood glucose to feed your body. In this situation, your body becomes fat for energy. When fats break down, small molecules called ketone bodies are produced, which act as an alternative source of energy. This condition is known as ketosis.and it is a natural state in which your body enters. Because your brain requires a constant supply of energy, it would shut down if your body did not produce this alternative source of fuel, but it cannot work with ketones forever. Low carb diets or ketogenic diets, which help your body get into the state of ketosis, help you lose weight quickly but can adversely affect your overall health.
When your body is in a state of ketosis, you will experience fatigue as your body has to adapt to the use of an alternative energy source other than glucose. If you exercise, your exercise routine may suffer. Be sure to consume a lot of water and salts on this diet to combat fatigue and lethargy.
2. Headaches and Anxiety:
You may experience headaches divided within a few days when you follow a ketogenic diet. Your brain preferably wants to function with glucose, so it burns the last glucose stores before switching to ketones for energy. You may feel anxious and have difficulty concentrating as your brain adapts to the use of this alternative energy source.
3. Bad Breath:
You will know that your body is in ketosis when your breath smells bad. There are certain chemicals released when the fat breaks down and this makes your breath take a fruity smell, which may not be as pleasant.
4. Hunger and Constipation:
Foods that provide fiber, such as legumes, whole grains and beans, contain carbohydrates. This means that you will skip these extremely good sources of fiber whenever your body is in ketosis. Fiber is the main component of your diet that makes you feel full and helps you with proper bowel movement.
“Without a sufficient supply of fiber in your body, you will constantly feel hungry and suffer from constipation”.
5. Leg Cramps:
To enter a state of ketosis, you have to switch to a low carb or no carbohydrate diet. This means that you have to eliminate many sources of important minerals that help proper muscle function, such as sodium, potassium and calcium, if you are not careful to obtain them from other sources. The lack of these minerals can cause cramps in the leg muscles.
Being in a state of ketosis means that there is an excessive accumulation of ketones in your body. Too many ketones can be harmful to health and are constantly eliminated through the urine. Because you will be following a ketogenic diet, there will be an excess of sodium in your body, which is also eliminated through the urine. Excess urine can cause dehydration and further deplete essential minerals.
7. Interrupted Menstrual Cycle or Absence of Menstrual Periods:
Being on a ketogenic diet means that you will lose an extreme amount of weight and your body will be under stress most of the time. This can disrupt your menstrual cycle. In extreme cases, you may experience amenorrhea, the complete absence of periods. You should eat healthy and consult a doctor if you experience amenorrhea.
8. Easy Bruises:
Ketosis can change your blood composition by reducing your platelet count and platelet function. You may experience easy bruising when you continue with a low carb diet.
9. Bone Erosion:
Unstoppable bone loss is one of the main side effects of ketosis. First, you tend to decrease your calcium intake when you want your body to be in ketosis. Secondly, it eliminates fiber and many important phytochemical sources such as tannins, phytic acid and oxalates from your diet because your intestine does not easily absorb calcium. Bones weaken and are susceptible to fracture.
10. Kidney Stones:
Ketosis reduces the level of pH in the blood, which means that the blood becomes acidic. This acidic nature of your blood can cause waste products in your blood to crystallize in your kidney, forming kidney stones. There may be some benefits when starting a ketogenic diet, but you have to be careful. You should not follow a low carb diet if you are diabetic. High levels of ketones in the blood can lead to a condition called diabetic ketoacidosis. This is a serious health condition that can lead to coma and even death. Children should never follow this diet as it can lead to stunted growth and other health conditions.