Normally, the vaginal flora or bacterial vaginosis consists of a healthy balance of aerobic and anaerobic bacteria. When this healthy balance is disrupted by an overgrowth of predominantly harmful anaerobic bacteria, it leads to a condition called bacterial vaginosis (BV). Sometimes it is accompanied by discharge, smell and pain, itching or burning. It is always good to know the causes and the science behind the infection, and the natural remedies available.
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Causes of Bacterial Vaginosis:
Aerobic Lactobacillus species are the most predominant microorganisms present in the vagina and represent more than 95% of all bacteria present. It is believed that lactobacilli provide defense against infection by maintaining an acidic pH in the vagina, and also ensure the presence of hydrogen peroxide in the genital environment. Excessive growth of predominantly anaerobic organisms (Gardnerella vaginalis, Prevotella species, Mycoplasma hominis, Mobiluncus) in the vagina leads to the replacement of Lactobacilli (good bacteria) and the pH level increases from less than 4.5 to as high as 7.0. One of the most frequent causes of vaginal discharge in women during fertile age is bacterial vaginosis (BV). Although BV is not a sexually transmitted disease (STD), the incidence is higher among sexually active women than among non-sexually active women and women who take a vaginal shower. The cause of BV is not fully understood. But it is widely believed that certain activities such as showers, having multiple sexual partners and the use of intrauterine control devices with a stem that can cause the overgrowth of anaerobic bacteria in the vagina, raise the risk of BV. BV is also common among women who never had sex. However, women never get it by touching some objects, the bowels of the bathroom or the pools.
Signs and Symptoms of Bacterial Vaginosis:
In women with persistent and bothersome discharge, the detection of lower genital tract infections (vaginal and cervical) is recommended.
“Women infected with bacterial vaginosis have an abnormal vaginal discharge with an unpleasant smell and fishy smell”.
The discharge may be white or gray, and may be inside, but it is rarely itchy, although itching is not ruled out. In some women, there is no sign at all, since BV is likely to have an incubation period before it appears. Some of the notable signs and symptoms include… Vaginal discharge with the smell of offensive fish that is not associated with pain, itching or irritation. However, some women also experience a burning sensation when they urinate or itch in the vagina and around it. Fine white discharge that lines the walls of the vagina.
How to Reduce the Risk of Bacterial Vaginosis with Natural Remedies?
Scientists do not have a complete understanding or knowledge of BV, the causes of BV and how BV can be prevented. However, considering the tendency and pattern of the infection, it is believed that the incidence of BV is higher among sexually active people who have a new sex or multiple sexual partners. Practicing safe sex is extremely important to reduce the risk of contracting BV. Here are some ways to prevent BV.
It helps maintain the balance of vaginal bacteria and decreases irritation of the vagina: always keep the vaginal area clean and dry. Simply wash the vagina with soap, since the vagina has a self-cleaning mechanism. Wear cotton underwear to keep the area cool and avoid tight pants. Change pads and tampons often and use those that are (no artificial odor added) Limit the use of vaginal deodorants as they affect the balance of the vaginal flora.
Don’t douche: showers alter the normal vaginal flora that protects people against infections. The risk factor for contracting BV among women who have not had sex before BV is low. However, the risk factor is high among women who shower frequently.
Be faithful and avoid sexually transmitted diseases: have sex with only one partner for life, and this is the key to lowering your risk. Be faithful to each other
Use condoms: protect yourself with a condom EVERY time you have vaginal, anal or oral sex.
Increase good bacteria in your vagina: women become infected with BV several times. Eating yogurt as often as one can help big. Yogurt contains lactobacilli and helps restore good normal bacteria. Yogurt helps keep bacteria in your vagina naturally balanced. Include unsweetened yogurt or lactobacillus acidophilus in the daily diet plan. Yogurt and lactobacillus acidophilus help restore normal bacterial flora in the body
Pregnancy and Vaginosis:
Pregnant women with symptoms of BV should be tested and treated. Pregnant women with BV usually give birth to premature or low birth weight babies, especially if in the past they had preterm birth or a baby with low birth weight. For most women, BV does not cause any problems if it is treated. However, some problems may arise if they are not treated. Bacterial vaginosis among pregnant women has been a constant risk factor for adverse outcomes, such as premature rupture of membranes, spontaneous abortion, premature labor and delivery, and infections of the caesarean section. One of the complications of BV is pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). It is a condition in which the bacteria that cause BV infect the uterus or uterus and the fallopian tubes that carry the ovules from the ovaries to the uterus. PID causes infertility or causes permanent damage to the fallopian tube, which increases the future risk of a life-threatening ectopic pregnancy. Ectopic pregnancy is a condition in which a fertilized egg grows in a fallopian tube that can rupture.
Complications of Bacterial Vaginosis:
The incidence of complications derived from BV is much lower. But the probability of having a medical problem is quite high if you have BV
- You are more likely to get a sexually transmitted infection (STI) such as herpes, chlamydia or gonorrhea if you are exposed to a sexually transmitted infection.
- Changes to contract and transmit HIV infection are high if you are exposed to HIV (human immunodeficiency virus).
- High risk of getting the infection after undergoing female surgery such as an abortion, and dilation and curettage (D&C) if you have BV.
These risks make it necessary to undergo tests and treatment if you have symptoms of BV. This information is for informational purposes only. YOU ARE NOT DESIGNED TO PROVIDE MEDICAL ADVICE. We are not responsible for the possible consequences of any treatment, procedure, exercise, modification of the diet, action or application of medications resulting from reading or following the information contained in this page. The publication of this information does not constitute the practice of medicine, and this information does not replace the advice of your doctor or other health care provider. Before undertaking any treatment, the reader should seek the advice of his doctor or other health care provider.